Remember that fantastic map of your neighborhood area you sketched out, way back in Step 1: Define Your Area? It's time to dig it out again! This map is going to be one of the most invaluable tools of your disaster plan. We need to add a lot more details to it:
Number each lot (building or location) sequentially in your area
Add full street addresses with all relevant specifics included, such as unit, floor etc
Put full contact information next to each address, with first name and last name, phone numbers, email, number and names of household members and pets
Highlight or delineate neighbors who may need extra help during an emergency. when considering those who will need special assistance, consider people who would have trouble seeing, reading, walking, speaking, hearing, remembering, understanding or responding. Also, note children who may be home alone
Okay, now look at your map again, but from a different perspective this time: where are the entrance/exit routes in your area and are they accessible by foot or by car?
Identifying Major Items on Your Map
What are possible obstacles that could prevent or make entry/exit from your area extremely difficult? Consider downed power lines, fallen overpasses, or felled tree branches and mark these down.
There are three more spaces you need to identify on your map: a neighborhood gathering place, a neighborhood care center, and a triage area.
Neighborhood gathering place - This will be command central for your neighborhood disaster plan and a place for neighbors to meet up after the disaster hits to effectively organize and execute response activities. It should be:
One large central area, easily seen so others will know this is the main gathering location
Easily accessible to children and people with disabilities
Safe from flood, fire, fallen trees and power lines
Has nearby accessible toilet facilities
Able to accommodate service animals and pets
Big enough for the planned number of persons and vehicles
Neighborhood care center - This is a safe location for those who may need extra help following a disaster. Children, older adults and people with disabilities would be brought here and cared for.
Triage area - This location would be a treatment center for those injured during the disaster, in which they can receive first aid or be evaluated for medical treatment.